Thanks to Ray Guselli's exquisite video and car tutorial, I decided to try another path. I never really understood PWL very well and Ray's explanation in his car tutorial does a really great job of explaining how to use it. (That part begins about 18 minutes in.) Since I've always admired Ray's PWL work, I thought I'd see if PWL effects could be applied to smart object. Here's my first experiment. Virginia aka beaucamera P.S. Thanks, Ray!